1060 vs 1095 Steel Comparison

We get inquiries about the chemical composition and mechanical property differences between the 1060 grade and 1095 grade carbon steels. Below you will see several comparison charts that outline the chemical properties and mechanical properties of 1060 steel and 1095 steel. All of this may be useful for anyone involved in machining or who is interested in purchasing either type of steel.

Chemical Properties

The chemical properties of 1060 and 1095 steel are the following.

  1060 1095
Carbon, C 0.55-0.65% 0.90-1.03%
Manganese, Mn 0.60-0.90% 0.30-0.50%
Sulfur, S (Max) 0.050% 0.050%
Phosphorous, P (Max) 0.040% 0.040%

Mechanical Properties

Below are the mechanical properties of hot rolled and SACDc 1060 and 1095 steel.

Hot Rolled

  1060 1095
Tensile Strength 98,000 psi 120,000 psi
Yield Strength 54,000 psi 66,000 psi
Elongation (2") 12% 10%
Reduction in Area 30% 25%
Brinell Hardness 201 248

Spheroidized Cold Drawn (SACDc)

  1060 1095
Tensile Strength 90,000 psi 99,000 psi
Yield Strength 70,000 psi 76,000 psi
Elongation (2") 10% 10%
Reduction in Area 45% 40%
Brinell Hardness 183 197

To understand the machinability of different grades of steel, we often use a relative machinability rating percentage based on SAE1212 as 100%. 1060 grade steel in the cold drawn state is 60% and 1095 grade steel also as cold drawn is 45%.