We get inquiries about the chemical composition and mechanical property differences between the 1060 grade and 1095 grade carbon steels. Below you will see several comparison charts that outline the chemical properties and mechanical properties of 1060 steel and 1095 steel. All of this may be useful for anyone involved in machining or who is interested in purchasing either type of steel.
The chemical properties of 1060 and 1095 steel are the following.
|Sulfur, S (Max)||0.050%||0.050%|
|Phosphorous, P (Max)||0.040%||0.040%|
Below are the mechanical properties of hot rolled and SACDc 1060 and 1095 steel.
|Tensile Strength||98,000 psi||120,000 psi|
|Yield Strength||54,000 psi||66,000 psi|
|Reduction in Area||30%||25%|
Spheroidized Cold Drawn (SACDc)
|Tensile Strength||90,000 psi||99,000 psi|
|Yield Strength||70,000 psi||76,000 psi|
|Reduction in Area||45%||40%|
To understand the machinability of different grades of steel, we often use a relative machinability rating percentage based on SAE1212 as 100%. 1060 grade steel in the cold drawn state is 60% and 1095 grade steel also as cold drawn is 45%.