1008 vs 1010 Steel Comparison

The following is a comparison of the chemical composition and mechanical properties of 1008 steel and 1010 steel. This may be useful for machining purposes or when making purchases of either steel grade. 

Chemical Properties

The chemical properties of 1008 and 1010 steel are the following.

  1008 1010
Carbon, C 0.10% Max 0.08-0.13%
Manganese, Mn 0.30-0.50% 0.30-0.60%
Sulfur, S 0.050% 0.050%
Phosphorus, P 0.040% 0.040%

Mechanical Properties

The following are the mechanical properties for both cold drawn and hot rolled 1008 and 1010 steel.

Cold Drawn

  1008 1010
Tensile Strength 49,000 psi 53,000 psi
Yield Strength 41,500 psi 44,000 psi
Elongation (2") 20% 20%
Reduction in Area 45% 40%
Brinell Hardness 95 105

Hot Rolled

  1008 1010
Tensile Strength 44,000 psi 47,000 psi
Yield Strength 24,500 psi 26,000 psi
Elongation (2") 30% 28%
Reduction in Area 55% 50%
Brinell Hardness 86 95

The average machinability rating percentage based on SAE1212 as 100% for 1008 cold drawn and 1010 cold drawn:

  • 1008 - 55%
  • 1010 - 55%